The real struggle of the students starts after the class 12 board examination results. Here students have to look for a career that will make their future secure. One one the important career options is choosing the medical field. To enter this field option, students must crack the NEET examination.
NEET exam consists of three different sections, i.e Physics, chemistry, and Biology.
All three sections carry equal importance. Here in this article, we will discuss NEET Chemistry preparation.
NEET chemistry syllabus
Below mentioned is the Chemistry syllabus of class 11 and class 12 along with the description of the important topics.
|Class 11||Important topics|
|Some concepts of chemistry||Daltons, atomic theory, concepts of atoms and molecules, mole concept, stoichiometry, etc.|
|Structure of atom||Isotope and isobars, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg’s principles, orbitals, Pauli principles, hands rule, etc.|
|Classification of elements and periodicity in properties||Periodic trends, electronegativity, periodic law, properties of elements, etc.|
|Chemical bonding and molecular structure||Lewis structure, Hybridization, molecular orbital theory, hydrogen bond, etc.|
|States of matter: gasses and liquids||States of matter: three states of matter,
Boyle’s Charle’s law, Gay-Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, kinetic energy, liquefaction of gas, etc.
|Thermodynamics||Laws of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy, Hess’s law, introduction to entropy|
|Equilibrium||Equilibrium in physical and chemical process, Le Chatelier’s principle, Ionization of acids and bases, hydrolysis of salts, buffer solutions, etc.|
|Redox reactions||Oxidation and reduction reaction, balancing of a redox reaction, change in oxidation numbers, etc.|
|hydrogen||Physical and chemical properties of water, properties, and uses of hydrogen, heavy water, etc|
|S- block elements||Electronic configuration, diagonal relationship, properties of compounds, lime, limestone, uses, etc.|
|P-block elements||Electronic configuration, properties of elements, chemical reactions, chemical reactivities, etc.|
|Organic chemistry||Classification and nomenclature of organic compounds, types of organic reactions, electronic displacement, etc.|
|Hydrocarbons||Understanding of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons, etc.|
|Environmental chemistry||Air, water, and soil pollutions, global warming, acid rain, ozone depletion, greenhouse effect, etc.|
|Class 12||Important topics|
|Solid states||Classification of solids, types of solids, the density of cell, band theory, conductors, insulators,|
|Solutions||Types of solutions, the concentration of solutions, Raoult’s law, boiling point, freezing point, Van Hoff factor, etc|
|Electrochemistry||Electrolytic solutions, Kohlrausch’s law, electrolysis and law of electrolysis, fuel cells, etc.|
|Chemical kinetic||Rate of reactions, order of reaction, catalysts, the concept of collisions, etc|
|Surface chemistry||Adsorption, factors affecting adsorption, homogeneous and heterogeneous solution, colloids, Tyndall effect, etc.|
|General principles and process of isolation of the element||Extraction, oxidation, refining methods, etc|
|P block||Electronic Configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, group 15-18 elements properties and applications.|
|D and f block||Lanthanoids and Actinoids, electronic configuration, transition metals, etc.|
|Coordination compounds||Ligands, nomenclature, the importance of coordination compounds, Werner’s theory, etc.|
|Haloalkanes and haloarenes||Chemical properties, nomenclature, Haloalkanes, and haloarenes, etc.|
|Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers||Understanding of alcohol, phenols, and Ethers, their properties, nomenclature, etc.|
|aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids||Understanding of Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids, nomenclature, properties, etc.|
|An organic compound containing nitrogen||Amines, Cyanides, Isocyanides, Diazonium salts, etc.|
|Biomolecules||Carbohydrates classification, proteins, hormones, vitamins, nucleic acids, etc.|
|Polymers||Classification of polymers, method of polymerization, etc.|
|Chemistry in everyday life||Chemicals in medicines, chemicals in foods, cleaning agents, etc.|
Tips to prepare for NEET Chemistry
Following are the tips to effectively crack this section. Chemistry is one of the easiest sections. If practiced thoroughly then it will be one of the easiest to crack.
Following are the tips to crack the chemistry section
- The first step is making the proper schedule. Divide the entire syllabus into small sections. It will be easy to understand and learn.
- Always begin with NCERT first. Study thoroughly the NCERT books. Most of the questions asked are from NCERT only. One should understand the basic book NCERT first. After the base is cleared students can practice more questions from the reference books.
- Keep calm and relaxed. Do not load your mind with excessive pressure and tensions. By doing do one will disturb their daily routine. The human body cannot work continuously. It needs a break in between.
- Eat a healthy and balanced diet. One should always nourish their body with a properly balanced diet. Without proper diet and good eating habits, the body will not function in the right direction.
- Practice chemical reactions, nomenclature, the periodic table, etc nicely. Most of the questions asked are from these sections.
- Students should practice class 11 and class 12 syllabus separately. Do not mix both the year syllabus.
- Refer to NEET Chemistry Important Questions PDF.
- In case of any doubts always seek help from mentors or teachers. One can also take help from the reference books if required. Never leave the doubts for the end moment.
- Solve previous years’ question papers. By doing so students will be able to understand the type and pattern of the question asked.
- One should watch various educational lectures. This will help them to understand the concepts easily. Today various online platforms are available where students can excel their knowledge.
- Students can also study in groups. This will help them to understand the concepts fast.
- Always revise the course from time to time. Revising helps to recall the previous learned chapters easily.
- Never skip meals. One should always load themselves with proper nutrition. Have proper sleep. If one will not follow then it will lead to various eyes troubles, headaches, weakness, drowsiness, etc.
- Never do long sitting hours study. Give body and mind time to relax.
From the NEET point of view, Chemistry is one of the easiest subjects. It requires quite less time for preparation. It is most scoring out of the other two. Always try to understand the base of the chapters. Timely attend the classes, do proper revision, study well, solve the previous year’s question paper. If students work hard then nothing can stop them from gaining success. NEET is one of those examinations which requires proper concentration right from the beginning. Stay focused and set your goals